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In every realm of physical science, surface properties dictate much of the interaction between an object and its environment. This is true for optics as well. Although the bulk properties of glasses certainly influence an optic’s interaction with light, the shape and smoothness of the surface are the primary determinants of the way a lens or mirror modifies the propagation of light. In addition to surface shape and quality, the coatings on an optical surface strongly affect an optic’s interaction with light. Specifically, coatings significantly modify the behavior of light at different wavelengths. Nearly every modern optical system depends on effective optical coatings.