Researchers from the University of Southampton have developed a new technique to help produce more reliable and robust next generation photonic chips.
Testing photonic circuitry is difficult because the light is confined in silicon. The University of Southampton technique, called ultrafast photomodulation spectroscopy (UPMS), uses ultraviolet laser pulses of femtosecond duration to change the refractive index of silicon in a tiny area on the photonic chip.
The UPMS technique is fast and robust and has the potential to be used for industrial testing in the photonics industry, according to the University of Southampton. The research is published in the latest issue of the journal Nature Photonics.
Photonic chips made from silicon will play a major role in future optical networks for worldwide data traffic. Dr Roman Bruck, from Physics and Astronomy at the University of Southampton and lead author of the study, said: ‘Monitoring the transmission of the chip while the refractive index is locally changed gives a precise picture of how the light flows through it. This allows testing of individual optical elements on the chip, a crucial step in the design optimisation to ensure its flawless operation. Because the changes induced by the technique are fully reversible, this testing method is non-destructive and after testing, the chip can be used for its intended application.’
The research team, from Physics and Astronomy and the Optoelectronics Research Centre (ORC) at the University, expects to establish the technique as a standard characterisation tool, making photonic chips under development more reliable and bringing them into the market quicker. The work has been funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).
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